Dr. Christian Vaillancourt* MD MSc FRCPC CSPQ


Dr. Christian Vaillancourt* MD MSc FRCPC CSPQ

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ottawa
Research Chair in Emergency Cardiac Resuscitation, University of Ottawa
Senior Scientist, Clinical Epidemiology, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
Associate Medical Director of Research, Regional Paramedic Program for Eastern Ontario

Work E-mail: cvaillancourt@ohri.ca

Christian Vaillancourt



Dr. Vaillancourt obtained his MD from the University of Montreal in 1994, completed his Royal College training in Emergency Medicine at McGill in 1999, and completed a Masters degree in Epidemiology at the University of Ottawa in 2003. He currently holds the position of Associate Professor with the Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ottawa, and of Senior Scientist at the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute. He is cross-appointed with the Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, and is a member of the Faculty of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies. He was awarded a Research Chair in Emergency Cardiac Resuscitation by the University of Ottawa, and is an Associate Medical Director for the Regional Paramedic Program for Eastern Ontario. 
He has received many honours highlighting a pursuit of excellence in advancing his own knowledge, mentoring others, and caring for patients. Most recently, he was given recognition by the Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians (CAEP) for his leadership, commitment, and dedication to his discipline. Dr. Vaillancourt has been a peer reviewer for journal and grant submissions as well as a participant on various local, national and international committees to advocate cardiac care improvement. Currently, he is involved in the review of dispatch CPR instructions for the 2015 International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation guidelines.  He sits on the CAEP Research Committee, and the Ottawa Hospital Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Committee, among others. Students have repeatedly received awards for research done under his guidance. He has received research funding from the Canadian Institutes for Health Research (CIHR), the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada (HSFC), and the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH). He has authored many papers published in Resuscitation, the highest impact journal of his specialty, and co-authored papers published in very high impact journals such as the NEJM, JAMA, CMAJ, and Circulation.

Research Interests

Dr. Vaillancourt's current research program focusses on pre-hospital care, specificallyimproving care and survival for cardiac arrest and trauma victims. 

In cardiac arrest research, Dr. Vaillancourt's contributions include the publication of the first national statistics on cardiac arrest and EMS services in Canada, the completion of a national survey on cardiac arrest surveillance, and participation in the last three updates of the guidelines for the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation for emergency cardiovascular care. He promotes bystander CPR, improvement of dispatch-assisted CPR instructions for out-of-hospital events as well as CPR quality and timeliness in-hospital. 

Dr. Vaillancourt is the lead investigator in the pre-hospital evaluation of a clinical decision rule assessing the need for spinal immobilization in low-risk trauma patients.  The rule is called the Canadian C-spine Rule, was developed at the OHRI for use by emergency physicians, then triage nurses and finally paramedics.  Dr. Vaillancourt has been the lead investigator for the prehospital validation as well as the single centre implementation study.



  1. Stiell I.G., Brown S.P., Nichol G., Cheskes S., Vaillancourt C., Callaway C.W., Morrison L.J., Christenson J., Aufderheide T.P., Davis D.P., Free C., Hostler D., Stouffer J.A., Idris A., and the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) Investigators.: What is the Optimal Chest Compression Depth during Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Resuscitation of Adult Patients? (In Press, Circulation, October 2014)
  2. McCubbin K., Moore S., MacDonald R., Vaillancourt C.: Medical Transfer of Patients in Pre-Term Labor: Treatments and Tocolytics (Published electronically, Prehosp Emerg Care, June 2014)
  3. Vaillancourt C., Charette M., Kasaboski A., Brehaut J.C., Osmond M., Wells G.A., Stiell I.G., Grimshaw J.: Factors Associated with Successful CPR Knowledge Transfer in an Older Population Most Likely to Witness Cardiac Arrest: A theory-informed interview approach. Emerg Med J, 2014 Sept.; 31(9):700-705. (doi:10.1136/emermed-2012-202192)
  4. Kudenchuk P.J., Brown S., Daya M., Morrison L.J., Grunau B.E., Rea T., Aufderheide T., Powell J., Leroux B., Vaillancourt C., Larsen J., Wittwer L., Colella R., Stephens S.W., Gamber M., Egan D., Dorian P., and the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Investigators.: Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium - Amiodarone, Lidocaine, or Placebo Study (ROC-ALPS): Rationale and Methodology of an Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Antiarrhythmic Drug Trial. Am Heart J., May 2014; 167(5):653-659.e4. (doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2014.02.010)
  5. Cheung W.J., Rosenberg H., Vaillancourt C.: Barriers and Facilitators to Intraosseous Access in Adult Resuscitation When Peripheral Intravenous Access is Not Achievable. Acad Emerg Med, 2014 March.; 21(3):250-256.
  6. Cheskes S., Schmicker R.H., Verbeek R., Salcido D.D., Brown S.P., Brooks S., Menegazzi J.J., Vaillancourt C., Powell J., May S., Berg R.A., Sell R., Idris A., Kampp M., Schmidt T., Christenson J., and the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) investigators.: The Impact of Peri-Shock Pause on Survival from Out-of-Hospital Shockable Cardiac Arrest During the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium PRIMED Trial. Resuscitation, 2014 March; 85(3):336-342.
  7. Calder L., Tierney S., Jiang Y., Gagné A., Gee A., Hobden E., Vaillancourt C., Perry J., Stiell I., Forster A. : Patient Safety Analysis of the Emergency Department Care of Patients with Heart Failure and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease Exacerbation: a Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study. Am J of Emerg Med, 2014 Jan; 32(1):29-35. (doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2013.09.013)


  1. Calder L., Amason T., Vaillancourt C., Perry J.J., Stiell I.G., Forster A.J. : How do emergency Physicians Make Discharge Decisions?. (Published electronically, Emerg Med J, Sept., 2013; doi: 10.1136/emermed-2013-202421)
  2. Vaillancourt C., Kasaboski A., Charette M., Islam R., Osmond M., Wells G.A., Stiell I.G., Brehaut J.C., Grimshaw J.M : Barriers and Facilitators to CPR Training and Performing CPR in an Older Population Most Likely to Witness Cardiac Arrest: A National Survey. Resuscitation, 2013 Dec.; 84(12):1747-1752.


  1. Wang H., Devlin, S., Sears, G.K., Vaillancourt C., Morrison L.J., Weifeldt, M., Callaway, C.W., and the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Investigators: Regional Variations in Early and Late Survival after Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. Resuscitation, 2012 Nov; 83(11):1343-1348.
  2. Calder L.A., Forster A.J., Stiell I.G., Carr L.K., Perry J.J, Vaillancourt C., Brehaut J.C.: Mapping out the emergency department disposition decision for high acuity patients. Ann Emerg Med, 2012 Nov;60(5):567-576. (doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2012.04.013)
  3. Glover B.M., Brown S.P., Morrison L., Davis D., Kudenchuk P.J., Van Ottigham L., Sears G.K., Vaillancourt C., Cheskes S., Atkins D., Dorian P., and the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Investigators: Wide Variability in Drug Use in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Report from the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium. Resuscitation, 2012 Nov;83(11):1324-1330. [Top 10 paper for 2012, National Association of Emergency Medical Service Physicians]
  4. Jensen J., Vaillancourt C., Tweedle J., Kasaboski A., Charette M., Grimshaw J., Brehaut J., Osmond M., Wells G.A., Stiell I.G.: Factors associated with the successful recognition of abnormal breathing and cardiac arrest by ambulance communications officers: A Qualitative Iterative Survey. Prehosp Emerg Care, 2012 Oct;16(4):443-50
  5. Calder L., Forster, A.J., Stiell I.G., Carr L., Brehaut J.C., Perry J.J., Vaillancourt C., Croskerry P.: Experiential and Rational Decision Making: A survey to determine how emergency physicians make clinical decisions. Emerg Med J. 2012 Oct;29(10):811-6
  6. Wang H., Syzdlo D., Stouffer J., Lin S., Carlson J., Vaillancourt C., Sears G., Verbeek R., Fowler R., Idris A., Koenig K., Christenson J., Minokadeh A., Brant J., Rea T., and the ROC investigators.: Endotracheal Intubation versus Supraglottic Airway Insertion in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. Resuscitation, 2012 Sep;83(9):1061-1066. [Top 10 paper for 2012, National Association of Emergency Medical Service Physicians]
  7. Stiell I.G., Brown S.P., Christenson J., Cheskes S., Nichol G., Powell J., Bigham B., Morrison L.J., Larsen J., Hess E., Vaillancourt C., Davis D.P., Callaway C.W., and the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) Investigators. What is the Role of Chest Compression Depth during Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Resuscitation? Crit Care Med, 2012;40(4):1192-1198
  8. Alrajhi K., Woo M.Y., Vaillancourt C.: Test Characteristics of Ultrasonography for the Detection of Pneumothorax: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Chest, 2012;141(3):703-708. [Manuscript featured in: “Clinical synopsis” by Ali S. Raja and Christian H. Jacobus; a regular feature of Annals of Emergency Medicine’s Systematic Review Snapshot series.]


  1. Reinier K., Thomas E., Andrusiek D.L., Aufderheide T.P., Brooks S.C., Callaway C.W., Pepe P.E., Rea T.D., Schmicker R.H., Vaillancourt C., Chung S.C., for the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium: Socioeconomic disparities in sudden cardiac arrest incidence: analysis of US and Canadian metropolitan areas within the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC). CMAJ, 2011;183(15):1705-12.
  2. Vaillancourt C., Emerson-Steward S., Christenson J., Andrusiek D., Powell J., Nichol G., Cheskes S., Aufderheide T.P., Berg R., Stiell I.G., and the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Investigators.: The Impact of Increased Chest Compression Fraction on Return of Spontaneous Circulation for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Patients not in Ventricular Fibrillation. Resuscitation, 2011;82(12):1501-1507.

Fields of Interest

  • Prehospital/EMS
  • Cardiac Arrest
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
  • Systematic Reviews
  • Trauma
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