Dr. Christian Vaillancourt* MD MSc FRCPC CSPQ

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Dr. Christian Vaillancourt* MD MSc FRCPC CSPQ
Professor

Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ottawa
Research Chair in Emergency Cardiac Resuscitation, University of Ottawa
Senior Scientist, Clinical Epidemiology, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
Associate Medical Director of Research, Regional Paramedic Program for Eastern Ontario


Work E-mail: cvaillancourt@ohri.ca

Christian Vaillancourt

Biography

Biography

Dr. Vaillancourt obtained his MD from University of Montreal in 1994, completed his Royal College training in Emergency Medicine at McGill in 1999, and completed a Masters degree in Epidemiology at University of Ottawa in 2003. He currently holds the position of Full Professor with the Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ottawa, and of Senior Scientist at the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute. He is cross-appointed with the School of Epidemiology and Public Health, and is a member of the Faculty of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies. He was awarded a Research Chair in Emergency Cardiac Resuscitation by the University of Ottawa, and is an Associate Medical Director for the Regional Paramedic Program for Eastern Ontario. His research program focuses on prehospital care, specifically improving the care and survival for cardiac arrest and trauma victims. He is a Co-Principal Investigator and Past-Chair of the Canadian Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (CanROC), a National network of cardiac arrest and trauma research centers.

Published or Accepted

2019

100. Considine J., Gazmuri R.J., Perkins G.D., Kudenchuk P.J., Olasveengen T.M., Vaillancourt C., Nishiyama C., Hatanaka T., Mancini M.E., Chung S.P., Morley P.: Chest Compression Components (Rate, Depth, Chest Wall Recoil and Leaning): A Scoping Review. Resuscitation Published electronically, 2019 Sept. 2019 doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2019.08.042

99. Zia A, MacDonald R.,, Moore S., Ducharme J., Vaillancourt C. : Assessment of Pain Management During Interfacility Air Medical Transport of Intubated Patients. In Press, Air Medical Journal, 2019 Sept. 2019 doi.org/10.1016/j.amj.2019.09.002

98. Miles I.H., MacDonald R.D., Moore S.W., Ducharme J., Vaillancourt C.: Evaluation of Pain Management in Medical Transfer of Trauma Patients by Air. Published electronically, CJEM, 2019 June. 1-8 DOI 10.1017/cem.2019.394

97. Olasveengen T.M., Mancini M.B., Vaillancourt C., Brooks S.C., Castren M., Chung  S.P., Considine J., Escalante R., Gazmuri R.J., Hatanaka T., Kudenchuk P., Lim S.H., Løfgren B., Nishiyama C., Perkins G., Ristagno G., Smyth M., Stanton D., Travers A., Nolan J., Morley P., for the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation: Emergency Care: Dispatcher instruction in CPR. Published electronically Feb.: https://costr.ilcor.org/document/emergency-care-dispatcher-instruction-in-cpr

96. Nikolaou N., Dainty K.N., Couper K., Morley P., Tijssen J., Vaillancourt C., on behalf of the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation’s (ILCOR) Basic Life Support and Pediatric Task Forces. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Effect of Dispatcher-Assisted CPR on Outcome From Sudden Cardiac Arrest in Adults and Children. Resuscitation. 2019 May 138:82-105. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2019.02.035.

95. Sinclair J.E., Austin M., Froats M., Leduc S., Maloney J., Dionne R., Reed A., Vaillancourt C.: Characteristics, Prehospital Management, and Outcomes in Patients Assessed for Hypoglycemia: Repeat Access to Prehospital or Emergency Care. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2019 May-June 23(3):364-376. doi: 10.1080/10903127.2018.1504150.

94. Tran A., Nemnom M.-J., Lampron J., Matar M., Vaillancourt C., Taljaard M.: Accuracy of Massive Transfusion as a Surrogate for Significant Bleeding in Risk Modeling Studies. Injury. 2019 Feb. 50(2):318-323. doi.org/10.1016/j.injury.2018.11.014

93. Allan K., Dorian P., Lin S., on behalf of the C-SCAN Investigators: Developing a Pan-Canadian Registry of Sudden Cardiac Arrest: Challenges and Opportunities. CJC Open 2019 Jan. 1:53-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cjco.2019.01.005

2018

92. Leduc S., Kelly P., Thiruganasambandamoorthy V., Wells G.A., Vaillancourt C.: The Safety and Efficacy of On-Site Paramedic and Allied Health Treatment Interventions Targeting the Reduction of Emergency Department Visits by Long-Term Care Patients: Systematic Review Protocol. Systematic Reviews. 2018 Nov. 7;206:1-6.

91. Mitchell S., Dionne R., Maloney J., Austin M., Mok G., Sinclair J., MScN, Cox C., Le May M., Vaillancourt C.: Safety and Clinically Important Events in PCP-Initiated STEMI Bypass in Ottawa: A Health Record Review CJEM. 2018 Nov. 20(6):865-873. doi: 10.1017/cem.2018.452

90. Vaillancourt C., Charette M., Hall E., McLeod B. : Patient and Paramedic Engagement in Prehospital Emergency Medicine Research. CMAJ Nov., 2018 190(Suppl) S48-S49; DOI:https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.180352

89. Okubo M., Schmicker R.H., Wallace D.J., Idris A.H., Nichol G., Austin M.A., Grunau B., Wittwer L.K., Richmond N., Morrison L.J., Kurz M.C., Cheskes S., Kudenchuk P.J., Zive D.M., Aufderheide T.P., Wang H.E., Herren H., Vaillancourt C., Davis D.P., Vilke G.M., Scheuermeyer F.X., Weisfeldt M.L., Elmer J., Colella R., Callaway C.W., for the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Investigators: Variation in Survival after Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest between Emergency Medical Services Agencies. JAMA Cardiol. 2018;3(10):989-999. doi:10.1001/jamacardio.2018.3037

88. Stiell I.G., Clement C.M., Lowe M., Sheehan C., Dain C., Miller J., Bailey B., Posselwhite K., Armstrong S., Langlais J., Ruddy K., Thorne S., Armstrong A., Perry J.J., Vaillancourt C.: A Multicenter Program to Implement the Canadian C-Spine Rule by Emergency Department Triage Nurses. Ann Emerg Med. 2018 Oct;72(4):333-341. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2018.03.033. Epub 2018 May 3.

87. Fernando S.M., Vaillancourt C., Morrow S., Stiell I.G.: Analysis of Bystander CPR Quality During Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Using Data Derived from Automated External Defibrillators. Resuscitation, July 2018; 128:138-143. doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2018.05.012

86. Pollack R., Brown S.P., Rea T., Aufderheide T., Barbic D., Buick J., Christenson J., Idris A., Jasti J., Kampp M., Kudenchuk P., May S., Muhr M., Nichol G.,  Ornato J.P., Sopko G., Vaillancourt C., Morrison L., Weisfeldt M., and the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Investigators: Impact of bystander AED use on survival and functional outcomes in shockable observed public cardiac arrests. Circulation. 2018 May;137(20):2104-2113. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.117.030700. Epub 2018 Feb 26

85. Archambault P.M.,  McGavin C., Dainty K.N., McLeod S.L., Vaillancourt C., Lee J.S., Perry J.J., Gauvin F.-P., Boivin A.: Recommendations for Patient Engagement in Patient-Oriented Emergency Medicine Research. CJEM, May 2018; 20(3):435-442. doi.org/10.1017/cem.2018.370

84. Tran A., Matar M., Lampron J., Steyerberg E.W., Taljaard M., Vaillancourt C.: Early Identification of Patients Requiring Massive Transfusion, Embolization or Hemostatic Surgery for Traumatic Hemorrhage: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. March, 2018; 84(3):505-516. doi: 10.1097/TA.0000000000001760

83. Ho M., Gatien M., Vaillancourt C., Whitham V., Stiell I.G.: Utility of Prehospital Electrocardiogram Characteristics as Prognostic Markers in Out-of-Hospital Pulseless Electrical Activity Arrests. Emerg Med J. 2018 Feb;35(2):89-95. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2017-206878. Epub 2017 Oct 21

82. Ghate G., Clark E., Vaillancourt C.: Systematic Review of the Use of Low-Dose Ketamine for Analgesia in the Emergency Department. CJEM. 2018 Jan;20(1):36-45. doi: 10.1017/cem.2017.48. Epub 2017 Jun 28.

81. Andrews J. (med student), Vaillancourt C., Jensen J.J., Kasaboski A., Charette M., Clement C.M., Brehaut J.C., Osmond M.H., Wells G.A., Stiell I.G., Grimshaw J.: Factors Influencing the Intentions of Nurses and Respiratory Therapists to use Automated External Defibrillators During In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A qualitative interview study. CJEM. 2018 Jan;20(1):68-79. doi: 10.1017/cem.2016.403. Epub 2016 Dec 8

2017

80. Adjemian R., Zirkohi A.M., Coombs R., Mickan S., Vaillancourt C.: Are Emergency Department Clinical Pathway Interventions Adequately Described, and Are They Delivered as Intended? A Systematic Review. International J of Care Coordination, December, 2017 20(4):148-161. Article first published online: September, 2017 https://doi.org/10.1177/2053434517732507

79. Olasveengen T.M., deCaen A., Mancini M., Maconochie I., Aickin R., Atkins D., Berg R., Bingham R., Brooks S., Castrén M., Chung S.P., Considine J., Coto T.B., Escalante R., Gazmuri R., Guerguerian A.-M., Hatanaka M.T., Koster R., Kudenchuk P., Lang E., Lim S.H., Lofgren B., Meaney P., Montgomery W., Morley P., Morrison L., Nation K., Ng K.-C., Nadkarni V., Nishiyama C., Nuthall G., Ong G., Perkins G., Reis A., Ristagno G., Sakamoto T., Sayre M., Schexnayder S., Sierra A., Singletary E., Shimizu N., Smyth M., Stanton D., Tijssen J., Travers A., Vaillancourt C., van de Voorde P., Hazinski M., and Nolan J.: 2017 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations Summary. Circulation. Nov., 2017;136(23):e424–e440. DOI: 10.1161/CIR.0000000000000541

78. Kudenchuk P.J., Leroux B., Daya M., Rea T., MD, Morrison L.J., Vaillancourt C., Wittwer L., Callaway C.W., Christenson J., Egan D., Ornato J.P., Weisfeldt M.L., Stiell I.G., Aufderheide T.P., Brienza A.M., Colella R.M., Desvigne-Nickens P., Dunford J.V., Gray P., Gray R., Idris A.H., Sealsr N., Straights R., Vilke G.M., Dorian P., and the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Investigators.: Antiarrhythmic Drugs for Nonshockable-Turned-Shockable Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: The ALPSs Study (Amiodarone, Lidocaine or Placebo). Circulation. Nov., 2017 28;136(22):2119-2131. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.117.028624. Epub 2017 

77. Perry JJ, Sivilotti MLA, Sutherland J, Hohl CM, Emond M, Calder LA, Vaillancourt C, Thiruganasambandamoorthy V, Lesiuk H, Wells GA, Stiell IG. Validation of the Ottawa Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Rule in Patients with Acute Headache. CMAJ November, 2017 189 (45) E1379-E1385; DOI: https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.170072

76. Dewhirst S., Zhao Y., MacKenzie T., Cwinn A., Vaillancourt C.: Evaluating a Medical Directive for Nurse-Initiated Analgesia in the Emergency Department. Int Emerg Nurs. 2017 Nov;35:13-18. doi: 10.1016/j.ienj.2017.05.005.

75. Tran A., Matar M., Steyerberg E.W., Lampron J., Taljaard M., Vaillancourt C.: Early Identification of Patients Requiring Massive Transfusion, Embolization, or Hemostatic Surgery for Traumatic Hemorrhage: A Systematic Review Protocol BMC Systematic Reviews 2017, June 80:1-6. DOI 10.1186/s13643-017-0480-0

74. Adjemian R., Coombs R., Mickan S., Vaillancourt C.: Validation of Descriptive Clinical Pathway Criteria in the Systematic Identification of Publications in Emergency Medicine. International J of Care Coordination 2017, June 20;1-2: 45-56. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/2053434517707971

73. Khan F., Vaillancourt C., Bourjeily G.: Diagnosis and Management of Deep Vein Thrombosis in Pregnancy. BMJ 2017 June:406-407.

72. Cheskes S., Schmicker R.H., Rea T., Morrison L.J., Grunau B., Drennan I., Leroux B.,  Vaillancourt C., Schmidt T., Koeller A., Kudenchuk P., Aufderheide T., Herren H., Vilke G., Flickinger K., Charleston M., Straight R., Christenson J., for the ROC investigators: The Association between AHA CPR Quality Guideline Compliance and Clinical Outcomes from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. Resuscitation, 2017 May;116:39-45.

71. Kisilewicz M., Rosenberg H., Vaillancourt C.: Remifentanil for Procedural Sedation : A Systematic Review of the Literature. Emerg Med J. 2017 May;34(5):294-301. doi: 10.1136/emermed-2016-206129.

70. Khan F., Vaillancourt C., Carrier M.: Should We Screen Extensively for Cancer After Unprovoked Venous Thrombosis? BMJ 2017 April:34-35. doi: 10.1136/bmj.j1081

69. Khan F., Vaillancourt C.: Five Things To Know About…Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR). CMAJ 2017 January 9;189:E25. doi: 10.1503/cmaj.160393

2016

68. Liu S. (med student), Vaillancourt C., Kasaboski A., Taljaard M.: Bystander Fatigue and CPR Quality by Older Bystanders: A Randomized Crossover Trial Comparing Continuous Chest Compressions and 30:2 Compressions to Ventilations. CJEM, 2016 Nov.;18(6):461-468 doi: 10.1017/cem.2016.373

67. Fink E.L., Prince D., Kaltman J.R., Atkins D., Austin M., Warden C., Hutchison J., Daya M., Goldberg S., Herren H., Tijssen J., Christenson J., Vaillancourt C., Miller R., Schmicker R., Callaway C., on behalf of the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium. Unchanged Pediatric Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Incidence and Survival Rates with Regional Variation in North America. Resuscitation, 2016 Oct.:107:121-128.

66. Clement C.M., Stiell I.G., Lowe M.A., Brehaut J.C., Calder L.A., Vaillancourt C., Perry J.J.: Facilitators and Barriers to Application of the Canadian C-Spine Rule by Emergency Department Triage Nurses. Int Emerg Nurs, July 2016;27:24-30. doi: 10.1016/j.ienj.2015.11.008.

65. Morrison L.J., de Caen A., Bhanji F., Bigham B., Blanchard I., Brooks S.C., Guerguerian A.-M., Jensen J., Travers A., Vaillancourt C., Welsford M., Woolfrey K. What Is New in the 2015 AHA Guidelines, What Is Recycled From 2010, and What Is Relevant for Emergency Medicine in Canada. CJEM, May 2016;18(3):223-229. doi:10.1017/cem.2016.

64. Kudenchuk P.J., Brown S.P., Daya M., Rea T., Nichol G., Morrison L.J., Leroux B., Vaillancourt C., Wittwer L., Callaway C.W., Christenson J., Egan D., Ornato J.P., Weisfeldt M.L., Stiell I.G., Idris A.H., Aufderheide T.P., Dunford J.V., Colella M.R., Vilke G.M., Brienza A.M., Desvigne-Nickens P., Gray P., Gray R., Seals N., Straight R., Dorian P., and The Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Investigators. Amiodarone, Lidocaine or Placebo in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. NEJM, 2016 May;374(18):1711-22.DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1514204

63. Kurz M.C., Prince D, Christenson J, Carlson J, Stub D, Cheskes S, Lin S, Aziz M, Austin M, Vaillancourt C, Colvin J, Wang HE, and the ROC PRIMED Investigators. Association of Advanced Airway Device with Chest Compression Fraction During Out-of-Hospital Cardiopulmonary Arrest. Resuscitation, Jan 2016;98:35-40. doi:10.1016/j.resuscitation.2015.10.011

2015

62. Nichol G., Leroux B., Wang H., Callaway C., Sopko G., Weisfeldt M., Stiell I.G., Morrison L., Cheskes S., Aufderheide T., Christenson J., Vaillancourt C., Kudenchuk P., Rea T., Idris A., Colella R., Isaacs M., Straight R., Stephens S., Richardson J., Condle J., Schmicker R., Egan D., May S., Ornato J.: Trial of Continuous or Interrupted Chest Compressions During CPR. NEJM, 2015 Dec.;373(23):2203-14. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1509139

      [Top 12 most influential paper published in NEJM in 2015]

61. Cheskes C., Schmicker R.H., Rea T., Powell J., Drennan I.R., Kudenchuk P., Vaillancourt C., Conway W., Stiell I.G., Stub D., Davis D., Alexander N., Christenson J., and the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) investigators. Chest Compression Fraction: a Time Dependent Variable of Survival in Shockable Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest. Resuscitation, Dec. 2015; 97:129-135. Doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2015.07.003.

60. Perkins G.D., Travers A.H., Berg R.A., Castren M., Considine J., Escalante R., Gazmuri R.J., Koster R.W., Lim S.H., Nation K.J., Olasveengen T.M., Sakamoto T., Sayre M.R., Sierra A., Smyth M.A., Stanton D., Vaillancourt C., on behalf of the Basic Life Support Chapter Collaborators.

      Part 3: Adult Basic Life Support and Automated External Defibrillation 2015 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science with Treatment Recommendations. Resuscitation, October 2015;95:e43-69.

59. Travers A.H., Perkins G.D., Berg R.A., Castren M., Considine J., Escalante R., Gazmuri R.J., Koster R.W., Lim S.H., Nation K.J., Olasveengen T.M., Sakamoto T., Sayre M.R., Sierra A., Smyth M.A., Stanton D., Vaillancourt C., on behalf of the Basic Life Support Chapter Collaborators.

      Part 3: Adult Basic Life Support and Automated External Defibrillation 2015 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science with Treatment Recommendations. Circulation, October 2015;132(suppl 1):S51-S83.

58. Calder L.A., Abu-Laban R.B., Artz J.D., McLeod S., Blackie B., Das B., Woods R., Perry J.J., Vaillancourt C., Stiell I.G., Frank J.R.: CAEP 2014 Academic Symposium: “How to Make Research Succeed in your Department: Promoting Excellence in Canadian Emergency Medicine Resident Research”. CJEM, Sept. 2015;17(5):591-9.

57. Sutton R.M., Case E., Brown S.P., Atkins D.L., Nadkarni V.M., Kaltman J., Callaway C., Idris A., Nichol G., Hutchison J., Drennan I.R., Austin M., Daya M., Cheskes S., Nuttall J., Herren H., Christenson J., Andrusiek D., Vaillancourt C., Menegazzi J.J., Rea T.D., and Berg R.A. on behalf of the ROC Investigators.: A Quantitative Analysis of Out-of-Hospital Pediatric and Adolescent Resuscitation Quality – A Report from the ROC Epistry Cardiac Arrest. Resuscitation, 2015 August;93:150-157. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2015.04.010

56. Vaillancourt C., Rowe B.H., Artz J.D., Green R., �‰mond M., Thiruganasambandamoorthy V., Innes G., Perry J.J., Calder L.A., Stiell I.G.: CAEP 2014 Academic Symposium: “How to Make Research Succeed in your Department: How to Fund your Research Program”. CJEM, 2015 July;17(4):453-461.

55. Perry J.J., Snider C.E., Artz J.D., Stiell I.G., Shaeri S., McLeod S., Le Sage N., Hohl C., Calder L.A., Vaillancourt C., Holroyd B., Hollander J.E., Morrison L.J.: CAEP 2014 Academic Symposium: “How to Make Research Succeed in your Emergency Department: How to Develop and Train Career Researchers in Emergency Medicine”. CJEM, 2015 May;17(3):334-343. DOI 10.1017/cem.2015.63

54. Stiell I.G., Artz J., Perry J.J., Vaillancourt C., Calder L.A.: Executive Summary of the CAEP 2014 Academic Symposium: How to Make Research Succeed in your Department. CJEM, 2015 May;17(3):328-333. DOI 10.1017/cem.2015.59

53. Vaillancourt C., Charette M., Kasaboski A., Hoad M., Larocque V., Crête D., Logan S., Lamoureux P., McBride J., Cheskes S., Wells G.A., Stiell I.G.: Cardiac Arrest Diagnostic Accuracy of 9-1-1 Dispatchers: A prospective multi-centre study. Resuscitation, 2015 April.;90(4):116-120.

52. Brown, S.P., Wang, H., Aufderheide, T., Vaillancourt, C.,Schmicker, R., Cheskes, S., Straight, R., Kudenchuk, P., Morrison, L., Colella, R., Condle, J., Gamez, G., Hostler, D., Kayea, T., Ragsdale, S., Stephens, S., Nichol, G., and the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium (ROC) Investigators.: A Randomized Trial of Continuous Versus Interrupted Chest Compressions in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: Rationale for and Design of the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium CCC Trial. Am Heart J, 2015 March;169(3):334-341.

51. Calder L., Arnason T., Vaillancourt C., Perry J.J., Stiell I.G., Forster A.J. : How do emergency Physicians Make Discharge Decisions?. Emerg Med J, 2015 Jan;32(1):9-14.

50. McCubbin K., Moore S., MacDonald R., Vaillancourt C.: Medical Transfer of Patients in Pre-Term Labor: Treatments and Tocolytics. Prehosp Emerg Care, 2015 Jan.-March;19(1):103-109.

Fields of Interest

  • Prehospital/EMS
  • Cardiac Arrest
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
  • Systematic Reviews
  • Trauma
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